Open science is an international movement whose aim is to make the results of scientific research, particularly publications and research data, universally accessible. In concrete terms, this means taking this knowledge out of paid-for or closed journals and databases, and making it available to everyone - researchers, companies and citizens - without hindrance, without delay and free of charge.
- Two definitions:
Open science is " the unhindered dissemination of research publications and data. It takes advantage of the opportunities offered by digital transformation" (Second National Plan for Open Science).
"Open science is the practice of science that makes collaboration and contribution with others possible, where research data, laboratory notes and other research processes are freely available, under conditions that allow reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research, and its underlying data and methods" (Fosteropenscience).
This umbrella concept encompasses several aspects of the research ecosystem: scientific communication and publication of results, research data, open source codes and software, scientific projects, evaluation of results, European, national and local policies.
- Open science at USMB:
The USMB is committed to supporting open science. Making available scientific publications resulting from publicly-funded research is one of the institution's missions. Its policy on this subject consists of :
- provide information and training on the principles and benefits of open access
- encourage researchers to deposit all their publications in HAL USMB, whether they have been published in the traditional way (in paying journals) or in open access.
- cooperate nationally and internationally to make the transition to "fully" open science
Université Savoie Mont Blanc and its libraries have been supporting the move towards open access to scientific publications for several years.
The USMB's commitment in a few dates:
- 2008: University Libraries welcome Marin Dacos, national coordinator for open science at the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research, and initiator of the Revues.org portal.
- 2009: opening of the HAL USMB institutional open archive.
- 2011: USMB becomes the 304th signatory of the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences.
- 2017: this commitment took concrete form with the adoption of a mandate for the mandatory deposit of teacher-researchers' publications in the institutional open archive.
- 2022: recruitment of an open science and research data officer and participation in the open science component of the RE-Unita project.